Access to College and Heterogeneous Returns to Education in China
|Title:||Access to College and Heterogeneous Returns to Education in China|
|Publication Date:||October 2014|
We apply a semi-parametric latent variable model to estimate selection and sorting effects on the evolution of private returns to schooling for college graduates during China's reform between 1988 and 2002. We find that there were substantial sorting gains under the traditional system, but such gains have dissipated to negligible levels in the most recent data. We take this as evidence of growing influence of private financial constraints on decisions to attend college as tuition costs have risen and the relative importance of government subsidies has declined. The main policy implication of our results is that labor and education reform without concomitant capital market reform and government support for the financially disadvantaged exacerbates increases in inequality inherent in elimination of the traditional “wage-grid”.
|Ivan Allen College Contributors:|
|External Contributors:||Xiaojun Wang, Belton M. Fleisher, Shi Li|
Wang, Xiaojun, Belton M. Fleisher, Haizheng Li, and Shi Li. "Access to College and Heterogeneous Returns to Education in China." Economics of Education Review 42 (2014): 397-418.