A New Approach for Optimal Electricity Planning and Dispatching with Hourly TIme-Scale Air Quality and Health Considerations
|Title:||A New Approach for Optimal Electricity Planning and Dispatching with Hourly TIme-Scale Air Quality and Health Considerations|
|Publication Date:||September 2015|
The production of electricity from coal, natural gas, petroleum, and biomass releases air pollutants with significant impacts on ecosystems and human health. Pollutant exposure depends not only on the pollutant source emissions rate and the relative location of the power plant to population centers but also on temperature, wind velocity, and other atmospheric conditions, all of which vary by hour, day, and season. We have developed a method to evaluate fluctuating pollutant formation from source emissions, which we integrate within an electricity production model. In a case study of the state of Georgia from 2004 to 2011, we show how to reduce air pollutants and health impacts by shifting production among plants during a select number of hourly periods.
|Ivan Allen College Contributors:|
|External Contributors:||Paul Y. Keri, Wenxian Zhang, Athanasios Nenes, Matthew J. Realff, Armistead G. Russell, Joel Sokol, Valerie M. Thomas|
Kerl, Paul Y., Wenxian Zhang, Juan B. Moreno-Cruz, Athanasios Nenes, Matthew J. Realff, Armistead G. Russell, Joel Sokol, and Valerie M. Thomas. "A New Approach for Optimal Electricity Planning and Dispatching with Hourly Time-Scale Air Quality and Health Considerations." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 112.35 (2015): 10884-10889.