China's Human Capital Measurement: Method, Results, and Application

Title: China's Human Capital Measurement: Method, Results, and Application
Format: Journal Article
Publication Date: May 2014
Description:

In this study, we briefly introduce the methodology based on Jorgenson-Fraumeni lifetime income approach to measure China’s human capital, and describe the results of human capital estimation at the national level and provincial level from 1985 to 2010. We discussed the distribution and dynamics of total human capital, total labor force human capital, and related average human capital by rural and urban, and by male and female, at the provincial level. New research based on our new human capital estimates are introduced.

**This journal article is published in Chinese.

笔者系统描述了适合国情的中国人力资本综合度量的方法体系, 介绍了相应的计算结果及其在相关人力资本研究领域中的具体应用。通过建立中国第一套人力资本综合度量指标体系及相应面板数据库,本研究为定量分析中国人力 资本的分布及其发展状况、深入研究人力资本对中国经济及社会发展的作用、为政府在经济社会方面的重大决策等提供定量依据。而基于中国人力资本面板数据的其 他研究进一步表明人力资本综合度量体系的理论价值和现实意义。同时,笔者根据计算所得的1985—2010年间国家和省级层面的多种跨时间、跨省份可比的 年度人力资本数据,分别讨论了中国总体人力资本、人均人力资本以及劳动力人力资本等的分布状况和发展动态。研究结果表明,从国家层面看,近年来中国人力资 本显著增长并呈加快趋势,教育等因素逐渐成为人力资本增长的动力,但也表现出城乡间人力资本的差距扩大以及人口老龄化对人力资本发展的不利影响;从省级层 面看,人力资本省际差异明显,经济发达省份的发展状况明显好于经济发展相对落后的省份。 

Ivan Allen College Contributors:
External Contributors: Bo Li, Yuefang Qiu, Dazhi Guo
Citation:

Li Haizheng, Bo Li, Yuefang Qiu, and Dazhi Guo. "China's Human Capital Measurement: Method, Results, and Application." Journal of Central University of Finance and Economics 1.5 (2014):  69-78.

Categories:
  • Chinese Economy
Related Links:
Related Departments:
  • School of Economics